BIO1100 Columbia Southern Vaccination of Children Diseases Discussion

BIO 1100 UNIT IV DISCUSSION BOARD QUESTION (02/23)

I have to comment on my classmates discussion board question this is what they wrote:

I reside in Lakeland Florida. My house is on 2.5 acres and in addition to our Great Dane, we also have chickens, and a few cows. I would describe the area where I live as temperate grassland. However, there are a lot of lakes and wetlands in my area (as pretty much the whole state of FL). Alligators, deer, and sand cranes are some of the species that are popular in my area. It seems from what I can remember from when I was younger, wooded areas, strawberry farms, and orange groves are being constructed into new businesses and homes.

BIO 1100 UNIT VI DISCUSSION BOARD QUESTION

Some parents choose to not have their children vaccinated despite that many school districts require vaccinations for important diseases that may be easily spread in close quarters (i.e., “crowd diseases”).

  • Do you think it is reasonable to require vaccination of children in order to protect the rest of society against the reemergence of killers, such as polio and other contagious diseases?
  • What are the risks of avoiding vaccination for individuals and society?
  • Are there any benefits?

BIO 1100 VI ASSESMENT QUESTIONS

QUESTION 1

  • The best treatment for Athlete’s foot would be:

antibiotics.

antifungal cream or powder.

anti-viral sprays.

vaccines.

QUESTION 2

  • Which of the following is considered a first line of defense against foreign organisms?

White blood cells

Skin

Fever

Defensive proteins

QUESTION 3

  • Which of the following tissues consists of tightly packed sheets of cells that are usually anchored on only one face of the tissue?

Connective

Epithelial

Nervous

Muscle

QUESTION 4

  • What organ is responsible for maintaining blood pressure by regulating water excretion?

Liver

Nephron

Kidney

Ureter

QUESTION 5

  • Which of the following events would result in decreased blood glucose levels?

Digestion of food in the body

Release of insulin by the pancreas

Breakdown of glycogen in the liver

Release of glucagon by the pancreas

QUESTION 6

  • Match the organ to its function.

Stomach

Alveoli

Liver

Trachea

Bladder

A.

Storage sac where protein digestion begins

B.

Windpipe

C.

Tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs

D.

Voice box

E.

Storage sac for urine

F.

Produces bile

QUESTION 7

  • Match the disease to its description.

Asthma

Hypertension

Atherosclerosis

Stroke

HIV

A.

High blood pressure

B.

Accumulation of fat on the inside of arteries

C.

Allergic response resulting in the constriction of the bronchi

D.

Kills or disables helper T cells

E.

Death of brain tissue

BIO 1100 VI HOMEWORK

Unit VI Homework

Virtual Bypass Surgery

Introduction

Heart disease is the number one killer in the United States. One procedure to treat blockage in the arteries of the heart is bypass surgery. Someone you know may have already had this procedure; however, few people really realize what occurs during the surgery. The following lab will guide you through the steps of a virtual bypass surgery.

Objectives

  • Identify the major structures and functions of the cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and immune systems.
  • Evaluate various risk factors for diseases within body systems.
  • Relate homeostatic imbalances to disease states.
  • Discuss various treatments, cures, and procedures for common diseases.

Materials

Computer with internet access

Directions

  • Go to the following website: http://www.abc.net.au/science/lcs/swf/heart.swf(or http://www.abc.net.au/science/lcs/heart.htm)
  • Click on ENTER
  • Click on ANATOMY to review the anatomy of the heart.
  • When you are ready to conduct the surgery:
    • Select INTERN from the three choices provided (Intern, Surgeon, Specialist). This will allow you more time.
    • Make sure you read all information on the screen.
  • Type all answers directly on the data sheet. All answers must be written in complete sentences.
  • Select Save As, and use your last name and student ID as a file name.
  • Upload the data sheet as a .doc, .docx, or .rtf file when finished.

Questions 1 – 10 are short answer questions and should be answered in one to two complete sentences. Total: 60 points

  • Which chamber of the heart receives oxygen-depleted blood from the superior and inferior vena cava? (6 points)
  • Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygenated blood to the rest of the body? (6 points)
  • How much blood can the heart move the through the body in an average lifetime? (6 points)
  • How is the patient’s anxiety level reduced before surgery? (6 points)
  • What are the responsibilities of the perfusionist? (6 points)
  • What are the responsibilities of the anaesthetist? (6 points)
  • What vein is harvested from the leg to be grafted to the heart? (6 points)
  • What is the name of the membranous sac that encloses the heart? (6 points)
  • What is injected into the heart to stop it from beating? (6 points)
  • In your own words, what is the purpose of the drug protamine? (6 points)
  • Based on the key screening tests recommended for optimal cardiovascular health and coronary heart disease risk factors listed, what are your risk factors? Are you healthy? Do you know the answers to all of the tests listed? What are some things that you might change in your life or your family’s lives in order to reduce your risk factors? You can view helpful information under each of the tabs at the top of the site.

Question 11 is an extended response question. Your response should go into significant detail and should be at least 200 words. Total: 40 points

Directions

  • The American Heart Association is a national voluntary health agency to help reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Click here or copy and paste the URL below into your web browser to read the article and answer the question:

https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/consumer-he…

Question

11.Based on the key screening tests recommended for optimal cardiovascular health and coronary heart disease risk factors listed, what are your risk factors? Are you healthy? Do you know the answers to all of the tests listed? What are some things that you might change in your life or your family’s lives in order to reduce your risk factors? You can view helpful information under each of the tabs at the top of the site.

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